November 26, 2015

Events of 1955

topics 1
Citroen DS debut
The same in 1955 as the crown sale, Citroen DS has debuted at the Paris Salon. It is not even compared with just of Japanese cars has taken a first step but, DS had a startling innovation even from the level of the West at that time. Technology, both in terms of design, it is more was called "20 years advanced vehicle". About 1.45 million units by 1975 is manufactured, it was demonstrated that it was "in '20 advanced car". Although there is a chauffeur-driven car image, such as is used in official vehicles of the President, we had to combine combat power enough to win the Monte Carlo Rally.

topics 2
James Dean accidental death
Movie "East of Eden," "Rebel Without a Cause" in James Dean September 30, 1955, which was suddenly popular, became the people that does not come back in an accident. A representation of youth Ukkutsu the (Ukkutsu) Popping into the seats in the youth star, but one week after you have finished taking the movie "Giant", it became a people that does not come back in an accident. Dean was a favorite car, had to skip the 41 Line from Los Angeles to compete in the race that takes place in Salinas. Is the Porsche 550 Spyder of just bought. He also had to skip at full throttle after it had been caught in the middle of speeding, oncoming vehicle and was head-on collision at the destination near the Y-shaped intersection, was killed instantly. Still was a young 24-year-old.

topics 3
It begins '55 system at <social conditions> maintenance joint
While Musan political party in the occupation regime after the war GHQ has been legalized, Conservative Party is mushrooming. Japan Progressive Party, and is raising an army Japan Cooperative Party, it was repeatedly Rigo collection and distribution. Labor disputes have occurred frequently, the strike broke out even large-scale conflict in the Toyota took place in 1950. Socialist Party and the Communist Party is had kept a large force against the background of the trade union. Socialist forces are maintaining a constant force, opposing conservatives were split. And Shigeru Yoshida of the Liberal Party, it is Ichiro of the Democratic Party of Japan Yukio Hatoyama. General election in the "voice of the sky dissolution" of January 24, 1955 is carried out, Japan Democratic Party was not able to win the majority. Socialist Party, which has been split into left and right to play a reunification in October, is a major force. And there is also that you have a sense of crisis, the Liberal Party and the Democratic Party of Japan is the Liberal Democratic Party was born on November 15 to play a joint. Long-term administration is the beginning of the Liberal Democratic Party, Socialist Party that does not have the possibility of regime acquisition went a scheme which constitutes the counterweight as the second party established.

Crown that matches the taste of the consumer society (Munakata)

Toyoda Eiji nephew of Kiichiro, visited the factory of Ford and GM over to the United States. To learn advanced technology but was the purpose, it felt to see actually is, there is nothing that I do not know of their own, it was that. If we have to refine the technology has accumulated so far, it is to have confidence that they can be independently manufactured automobiles. As a result, the independent development route of Toyota became consolidate.

Because at the time of the passenger car almost was for the taxi, the development was also advanced along on their use. At the same time, the motorist was also placed in the field of view, it is telling the foresight of Toyota. Had been with for a taxi at the same time was released master in January 1955, Crown had been positioned as a family car.
Mr. Eiji Toyoda (Toyota Motor former president)
Master Although the suspension with an emphasis on durability has been adopted leaf rigid both the front and rear wheels, the crown has a front wheel independent suspension
It was a double wishbone. Design is also large in the luxuriously and disguised crown, such as in the burly master and chrome plating

Contrary to the proposal, the taxi industry was accepted was a crown. Coincidentally Jinmu economy has begun, the next in 1956 of economic white paper was labeled "no longer after the war." Black-and-white TV, washing machine, refrigerator touted is called the "three sacred treasures", meaning consumption of national
Greed has been growing. There and a luxurious equipment and nimble style, crown with a nominal maximum speed 100km / h and a comfortable ride
And it but appeared. And not the master to leave the lingering austerities, is the crown met the taste of the times.

Even as private cars, Crown was collected high popularity. 1.5-liter four-cylinder OHV engine delivers 48 horsepower, if the power
Powerful brake is provided Te Align. Primary Crown characterized the double doors door, he became with the presence of yearning of the masses. In 1960 appeared 1.9-liter engine, AT version named "Toyoguraido" has also been added.

"Thus crown, the five years of primary would build the foundation of the current domestic cars. Toyota, no automotive technology in Japan
At once improved is the "Tokudaiji Aritsune Mr. that it has made this crown is so stated in" My Japan Automobile History ". Own net domestic passenger car that Toyota has created to stick to development is the automobile industry of Japan became the foundation to continue to develop.

Own route, which has been pursued since before the war

1933, automobile part was launched in the Toyota Industries Corporation. The same year, Nissan automobile manufacturing Co., Ltd., the predecessor has been established. At the time, had been mass-produced car in Japan, it was only the plant to carry out the knock-down production of GM and Ford. Was taking action in order to launch the automotive industry in its, Toyoda of Toyota Kiichiro and is was a Gisuke Ayukawa of Nissan.

Nissan for the purchase manufacturing equipment was summoned also engineers from the United States, Toyota has pursued its own line from the very beginning. We studied the Chevrolet engine, was exploring the casting method. With respect to the body, it was carried out kneading the design by the Chrysler Airflow was the cutting edge in the model. And, we will announce the first production car Toyoda AA type in 1936. It was a passenger car of the 5-seater loaded with 65 horsepower in-line six-cylinder engine to the ladder-type frame. While evolving, 1404 units by 1943 has been manufactured.

Toyota has attempted to expand production of passenger cars, but the era was heading to war. At the request from the government, and thus to undertake the production of military trucks. And aspirations had been different, in that car of mass production was supposed to go piled up valuable experience. It is alive after the end of the war, and a profit by doing the huge orders during the Korean War special demand, I was able to solidify the foundation of the company.

Meanwhile, was studied also continues towards the production of passenger cars. In 1947, it launched the Toyopet SA type. It is an ambitious product that employs a backbone frame and a four-wheel independent suspension. However, 27 horsepower of the side valve engine is a powerless, the strength of the body had been missing in the poor road conditions at the time.